Cannabis is a group of plants that have psychoactive effects on people. It has three main strains – Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Sativa vs. Indica Cannabis strains have become the primary focus in most research due to the abundance of cannabinoids (active ingredients). Cannabis ruderalis has few flowers with low levels of THC; hence it is rarely cultivated.
Below is an in-depth analysis of the two major strains to help you get some insight. This will help you differentiate them physically and based on the produced effects.
The first step to differentiating the Sativa vs. Indica Cannabis strains is to look closely at their physical appearance. The sativa strain is tall and can grow up to 5-18 feet tall. It is slim in thickness; the leaves are narrow just like the plant, and long. This depicts that they thrive mainly in tropical climatic conditions.
Cannabis sativa is believed to have an energizing effect on the user. This makes consumers prefer using it during the day. It also helps in staying focused on activities and projects at hand. The user is alert, and their creativity is enhanced. This leads to an increase in productivity. It also has a euphoric effect on the consumer.
The effects discussed above of the sativa strain make the medical field prefer it to reduce anxiety in patients and manage stress. Patients with attention disorders can use it to their advantage. It is also used in the treatment of depression as it stimulates serotonin production, which gives the consumer a feeling of well-being and stabilizes their mood.
This strain of cannabis is relatively short and can grow up to 2-4feet. It has more branches that are compact, making it appear bushy. The leaves follow the characteristics of the plant. They are broad and short in appearance and survive mainly in cooler environments.
One of its effects is believed to have includes deep relaxation, making it more suitable for the nighttime when the activities are minimal. That is a significant difference in Sativa vs. Indica Cannabis strains effects. It also stimulates the user’s appetite.
The above effects have made it possible for doctors to use the indica strain to manage pain (mild or moderate). It is also used in the treatment of insomnia as it helps those who have difficulty falling asleep. It reduces nausea and improves appetite in those with eating disorders.
Potential adverse effects and reactions
It is vital to note that the effects of Sativa vs. Indica Cannabis strains depend on the abundant cannabinoids (THC or CBD). Some of the side effects experienced include paranoia, dizziness, dry eyes and mouth, and lethargy.
As much as the cannabis strains have desired benefits, they also produce unwanted effects. Now that you have the facts at your disposal, you can make an informed decision about using either of the strains.